China has been aggressor against India and others: US envoy-designated Nicholas Burns


WASHINGTON: China has been on an offensive against India on the Himalayan border, with a top US diplomat nominated by President Joe Biden as his next envoy to Beijing, telling lawmakers that the US should blame the Chinese government for failing to play by the rules. Should be held accountable. .

Nicholas Burns told members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during his confirmation hearing on Wednesday that the United States will challenge China where it needs to, including actions that Beijing takes against America’s values ​​and interests; threat to the security of the United States or its allies and partners; or undermining the rules-based international order.

“Beijing has been aggressors against India on its Himalayan border, against Vietnam, the Philippines and others in the South China Sea, against Japan in the East China Sea, and has launched intimidation campaigns against Australia and Lithuania,” Burns said. “

China claims sovereignty over the entire South China Sea. Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei and Taiwan have counter-claims. Beijing is embroiled in heated territorial disputes in both the South China Sea and the East China Sea.

It has built and militarized many islands and reefs that are controlled in the region. Both regions are said to be rich in minerals, oil and other natural resources and are also important for global trade.

Burns, who served as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2005 to 2008, said that “the Chinese genocide in Xinjiang and abuse in Tibet, the throttling of Hong Kong’s autonomy and independence, and its bullying of Taiwan is unjustified.” , and it must pause”.

He said Beijing’s recent action against Taiwan is particularly objectionable and that the US has a right to continue to follow its one China policy.

Burns, who led talks on the US-India civil nuclear deal, told US lawmakers, “We are also right to support a peaceful resolution of disputes and oppose unilateral action that undermines the status quo and stability in the Indo-Pacific. ” .

Taiwan considers itself a sovereign state – but China views the self-governing island as a separate province. Beijing has not ruled out the possible use of force to achieve unification. Burns told lawmakers that the US would compete and vigorously compete with China, which should include jobs and the economy, critical infrastructure and emerging technologies.

He told members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that the United States will cooperate with China where it is in its best interests, including on climate change, combating drugs, global health and non-proliferation.

He said China wants to be the most powerful military, economic and political actor in the Indo-Pacific. “We must stand with our allies and partners in maintaining a free and open Indo-Pacific, including upholding America’s commercial and military superiority in 21st century technologies. We must play the PRC (People’s Republic of China) should be held accountable for failing to enforce regulations on trade and investment, including intellectual property theft, use of state subsidies, dumping of goods and unfair labor practices. These actions harm American workers and businesses,” Burns said.

The border standoff between Indian and Chinese armies began on May 5 last year after violent clashes in the Pangong Lake areas and both sides gradually increased their deployment of thousands of troops as well as heavy weapons.

As a result of a series of military and diplomatic talks, the two sides completed the demilitarization process in the Gogra region in August and on the north and south shores of Pangong Lake in February. However, India and China failed to make any progress in their 13th round of military talks on October 10 in resolving the 17-month standoff in the remaining friction points in eastern Ladakh.

Each side currently has around 50,000 to 60,000 troops along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the sensitive area.

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