During the COVID-19 epidemic in China, the virus overwhelmed Wuhan’s government. The battle of bravery against the deadly virus was often brought to the fore by women as the virus dominated the city and throughout China. More than 40,000 medical professionals legitimately fought against the virus in Wuhan and two-thirds of them were women. While women health workers and countless low-level women officials combated the virus, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) saw it as a great opportunity for propaganda and to achieve their selfish motives to suppress their sinister statements. Used his selfless sacrifice and received sympathy from it. International community.
The spotlight emphasis on women in China during the COVID-19 epidemic represents an anomaly for the administration’s general treatment towards women. Although the CCP dreamed of becoming a world power under the leadership of China’s President Xi Jinping, the country is still distorting social expectations and inadequate workplace support for women. Such immoral ideology of the CCP has transformed them into traditional gender roles and continues to influence the careers of Chinese women.
A state-sponsored survey conducted by the All-China Women’s Federation showed that women comprise only 37.5 percent of the CCP’s neighborhood and village committees. These committees are responsible for enforcing the party’s mandate and maintaining social order at the grassroots level. The dangerously low level of female participation becomes even more pronounced as a person moves up the ladder of the government hierarchy. Women comprise less than 9 percent of the workforce in the party, which is headed by secretaries and local governments at the provincial, municipal and county levels.
CCP leadership at the county level represents only 9.33 percent of women, while at the city and provincial level they comprise 5.29 and 3.23 percent, respectively. According to a gender study called ‘Principle of critical mass’, any governing body or committee should include 30 percent women to have an effective impact in policy making. With the number of women in leadership positions so low, it is no surprise that the CCP has failed to make any meaningful policies that will improve the options, opportunities, or lives of working women.
Jude Howell, a political scientist at the London School of Economics and Political Science, has rightly said that as women comprise less than 9 percent of China’s leadership, it is no surprise that China’s policies for women’s upliftment and betterment Does not do anything.
In recent years, China has passed and implemented several laws that theoretically guarantee a place for women in leadership roles. However, practically women in China rarely play a leadership role in the Chinese government of the CCP. In addition, it is extremely rare for women to rise above the rank of sub. Only two women hold the post of provincial governor out of 31 provinces in China.
In November last year, Shen Yikin was promoted to the post of party secretary of Guizhou Province, thus becoming China’s only female provincial party secretary. Yunyun Zhou, a senior lecturer at the University of Oslo, has claimed that although the quota set for women in Chinese legislatures has enabled women to advance to leadership roles in China to an extent, it is simultaneously ensuring that they Do not rise above the ranks. Deputies.
Throughout CCP history, only six women made it to the Politburo, half of whom were wives of some senior leaders. In addition, only 10 women currently serve in the 19th Central Committee, a body of 376 members of the country’s highest ranking party. One of the main reasons is that women have not been able to move forward in the Chinese government and Chinese society is a trend of traditional expectations. This has resulted in countless institutional, cultural and political hurdles that women have to overcome to advance their careers.
A 2019 report by the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics showed that women in China spend twice as much time as men doing unpaid housework. This additional burden that women have to bear at home prevents them from reaching their full potential in the office. Since coming to power, President Xi Jinping has been trying to strengthen traditional gender norms and division of labor.
Xi and other CCP members have publicly stated that women should stay indoors and take care of the home and their spouse. Chinese state media have also tried to aid the party’s statement by furthering the article, which claims that the presence of women at home is necessary for good growth of children and family stability.
The Chinese government’s family-virtue-building propaganda and its new two-child policy have forced many women to abandon their careers and accept traditional roles in the family. Zhou of the University of Oslo has said that many women choose to hold low or middle-level civil servant positions to devote their entire lives to work, in addition to the inevitable burden of childcare.
Another reason why female representation in the Chinese government has been low over the years is the CCP has seen female civil servants as decorative pieces and female employees are often given tasks such as dealing with internal government and party affairs. However, male employees are routinely given more serious duties such as economic development, urban construction, and public safety. These tasks are those that often lead to publicity. In addition, female employees are regularly assigned to work in the fields of welfare, health or education, with fewer opportunities for promotion.
Chinese media often label female civil servants as ‘beautiful female cadres’. Such terminology, which allowed and entered the CCP’s workplace, emphasizes workforce discrimination based on gender, appearance, and sexuality. This characteristic reinforces the belief that female employees are not seen as equal partners.
The CCP dominates a small group of individuals who are all males. For the Chinese government, women’s participation in government and party leadership roles is merely a way for the CCP to gain legitimacy in front of the international community. The CCP is not really motivated to see women moving forward for leadership roles in government. This is the reason that despite the passage of many laws and the establishment of quotas, the participation of women at the provincial and municipal levels is unacceptable.
Although the contributions and sacrifices of women health workers are being exploited to portray China’s good-looking face on the global canvas under the leadership of Xi Jinping, China is still giving women their proper place in the workplace as well as in society Is hesitant It also reminds us of the famous Chinese story of Mulan, which had to do a lot to be recognized by the Chinese emperor as the hero of China. Only the powerful God knows how much of today’s natives in China will have to go through Xi Jinping’s authoritarian rule to get their due recognition.