NCRB figures falsify government’s claim that Myanmar refugees are a threat to national security

Naveen Bharat Editorial

New Delhi: While the government has repeatedly expressed concern about the presence of Rohingya migrants in the country, claiming them to be a threat to national security, the recently released National Crime Records Bureau report reflects these claims. had not been.

An analysis of the NCRB report for the year 2020 shows that Myanmar citizens accounted for about 2 per cent of the total crimes allegedly committed by foreigners in the country. Last year no case of terror, rape or possession of arms was registered against any Myanmar citizen.

Crimes allegedly committed by citizens of Bangladesh, Nigeria and Nepal in India were significantly higher than those allegedly committed by citizens of Myanmar.

According to the NCRB data, a total of 7686 foreigners were allegedly found on the wrong side of the law by police officers in the country in 2020. Of the total accused foreigners, Bangladesh had the highest (25.4 per cent) share, followed by Nigeria. (5.5 per cent), Nepal (3.3 per cent) and then Myanmar, which last year accounted for 2.3 per cent of the total accused foreigners.

Further, notably, crimes committed by foreigners as well as crimes against foreigners in 2020 as compared to the previous year also saw a decline. The decline in cases is in keeping with the larger national trend that saw a decrease in “traditional crimes” such as sex crimes or economic crimes due to pandemic-induced lockdowns and consequent sanctions. Fewer people traveled as tourists around the world due to COVID-19, which was declared a global pandemic in early 2020.

A total of 191 crimes were registered in 2020 for crimes against foreigners – tourists as well as residents – compared to 404 cases in 2019, showing a decrease of 52.7 per cent. Most of the cases registered were of theft (52) and rape (16). Of the 248 victims in the 191 recorded cases, 50 per cent were from Asia (124), followed by 25.4 per cent from Europe (63).

A total of 1,937 cases were registered against foreign nationals, showing a decrease of 27 per cent as compared to 2,652 cases registered against foreigners in 2019. A total of 997 cases, comprising more than half (51.5 per cent) of the total cases, were registered under the Foreigners Act and the Foreigners Registration Act, followed by 205 cases, comprising 10.6% of the total cases, on Narcotic Drugs. and under psychotropic substances. (NDPS) Act.

The investigating agencies had registered cases against a total of 1956 Bangladeshi nationals last year, out of which 305 were booked for offenses under the Passport Act. Of the accused, 16 were booked under the NDPS Act and six under the Arms Act.

Myanmar’s total of 179 people in the list of foreign accused have 71 cases under the Foreigners Act, 5 under the NDPS, 7 for attempt to murder and 1 for unnatural offences. No Myanmar citizen was booked under POCSO, UAPA or Arms Act for rape, kidnapping.

In 2017, the government told the Supreme Court that Rohingya refugees were a “threat to national security”. The Central Government has been maintaining this stand before the Parliament for the last few years.

In July, Minister of State for Home, Nityanand Rai told the Lok Sabha, “Illegal Rohingya migrants are a threat to national security and there are reports that some of them have indulged in illegal activities in the country.”

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