Stockholm: The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to American scientists David Julius and Ardem Patpoutian.
He was cited for discovering receptors for temperature and touch.
The winners were announced on Monday by the Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee, Thomas Perlman.
Last year’s prize went to three scientists who discovered the liver-damaging hepatitis C virus, a breakthrough that led to a cure for the deadly disease and tests to stop the disease spreading through blood banks.
The Nobel Assembly is often lauded for basic science, but practical applications are also occasionally recognized. This could increase the chances of getting rewards for those involved in developing vaccines against the coronavirus.
The coveted prize comes with a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1.14 million). The prize money comes from a will left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.
Other awards are for outstanding work in the fields of physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economics.