The United Nations said on Wednesday that home shifts caused by the coronovirus epidemic remain poised to last longer, protecting employees’ rights and avoiding blurred lines.
The United Nations International Labor Organization said in a report that issues facing domestic workers and their employers need more attention, including better safeguards and greater rights and awareness of risks.
The agency said, “When the world was hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, the vast swaths of the world’s laborers turned into housework almost overnight as a way of protecting both their jobs and their lives.” . “
“There is no doubt that housework is likely to be given more importance in the coming years.
“Thus it is time for governments … to ensure that all home workers — whether they are weaving rattan in Indonesia, making shea butter in Ghana, tagging photos in Egypt, in Uruguay Stitching masks, or making the move to television-invisibility in France. Great work. “
260 million home workers before the epidemic
The ILO estimated that in 2019, there were approximately 260 million home-based workers worldwide, representing 7.9 percent of global employment.
The ILO said that in the first months of the epidemic in 2020, an estimated one in five workers were shot.
In less – and Middle income countries, Most home-based workers were self-account workers, but in high-income countries, workers were the largest group.
Most of the women working at home are women. According to ILO estimates, in 2019, 147 million women and 113 million men worked from home.
The 279-page report states that the growth of work from home in 2020 has renewed the need to address the issues facing domestic workers and their employers.
“For telecoms, the main concern is the blurring between working time and personal and family time,” the report said.
It states that equal treatment should be given to home employees and similar employees working in the company premises.
The report states that given the potential risks of social isolation, it is necessary to develop specific tasks that reduce psychological functioning.
“The introduction of a ‘right to disconnect’ is an important policy measure to limit work time and ensure respect for the boundaries between work life And personal life. “
The report stated that the biggest benefit in working from home was flexibility in hours, and although home workers’ hours are more erratic, they do shorter days on average.
“The provision of quality childcare is important for all domestic workers, boosting their productivity and supporting work-family balance, and for industrial household workers, possibly helping break the cycle of poverty,” the ILO said. said.
However, the ILO stated that the “home work penalty” in earnings was evident in pre-epidemic figures in almost all countries.
For example, domestic workers earned 13 percent less income than non-domestic workers in Britain, 22 percent less in the United States, 25 percent less in South Africa, and nearly half in India, Mexico and Argentina.
The report states that home workers enjoy less social security, face greater health and safety risks and have less access to training, which may affect career prospects.
“Home working is often poorly regulated and compliance with existing laws remains a challenge.”
The report contains recommendations to make housework more visible and is thus better protected.
“Ensuring effective freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining will be of great consequence to all House The activists said.
© 2021 AFP
Quotes: Epidemic-driven moves for housework carry risks, UN says (2021, 13 January) from https://naveenbharat.org/news/2021-01-pandemic-driven-shift-home.html on 13 January 2021 receive again
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