Given the stressful times we live in, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) has become a common health problem. Ovaries are affected due to hormonal imbalance. The ovaries produce and release an egg each month as part of the normal menstrual cycle. In the case of PCOS, the egg may not develop properly or may not be released during ovulation as it should.
As we celebrate PCOS Awareness Month in September, Dr. Andri Sanyal, Fertility Consultant at Nova IVF Fertility, Kolkata says that PCOS can have multiple effects on fertility.
“In most cases, ovulation problems lead to infertility. Ovulation may not occur as a result of increased testosterone production or because ovarian follicles do not mature. Even when ovulation occurs, a hormonal imbalance causes the lining of the uterus to develop properly. May prevent ovulation and allow a mature egg to implant. Ovulation and menstruation may be irregular. Irregular menstruation can also lead to complications during pregnancy,” explains the doctor.
Tips on how you can improve fertility
1. Medications May Be Required
Fertility drugs are drugs that control or stimulate ovulation. Women who are infertile due to ovulation problem can go for fertility drugs. Fertility drugs help to increase ovulation in the same way as natural hormones such as follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. Women who are ovulating also use these drugs when trying to stimulate better or extra eggs.
2. Healthy Weight
Maintaining a healthy weight is important as it increases the chances of getting pregnant and lowers the risk during pregnancy. The ideal BMI for pregnancy is between 18.5 and 24.9. If your BMI is high, lowering it before trying for a baby will help.
It is believed that a BMI of 35 or higher early in your pregnancy can raise your risk of pre-eclampsia which is a dangerous condition for both mother and baby. Some of the issues related to high BMI are blood clots, prolonged labor, diabetes during pregnancy and an emergency caesarean delivery.
High BMI can also pose risks to children – future miscarriage, premature birth, diabetes and obesity.
3. edge off
Stress can have a negative effect on a woman trying to conceive. Thus, meditation, listening to songs, doing yoga, going for a walk, exercising and playing with pets are some of the ways that reduce stress and increase fertility.
4. Role of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the Management of PCOS
The infertility specialist faces a significant challenge in treating patients with polycystic ovary syndrome using assisted reproductive technologies. PCOS patients There are a variety of problems, such as excessive body weight and hyperinsulinemia, that complicate management. Patients should be thoroughly evaluated for endometrial neoplasia, hyperinsulinemia, and other common health problems after undergoing IVF treatment. Overstimulation and severe hyperstimulation are risks of ovarian stimulation for IVF, which should be avoidable in most cases with preventive measures.
5. Eating a Balanced Diet
A balanced diet is essential. It is advisable to eat properly and avoid junk food. Eat foods rich in iron and zinc, high-fiber foods like bread, brown rice, seeds, low-carbohydrate and high-fat dairy foods. Eat more fruits and vegetables, such as lentils and beans. Avoid sugary foods and beverages such as sweets, cookies and fizzy drinks. Avoid saturated fats found in foods such as pastries, biscuits, pies and cakes and consume more unsaturated fats such as avocados, nuts, oily fish and seeds.