Turkey’s parliament ratified the Paris climate accord on Wednesday, making it the last G20 country to do so, which was seen as an injustice in its responsibilities as part of the agreement.
Turkey has been a signatory to the Paris Agreement since April 2016.
But Ankara did not ratify the deal, arguing that it should not be considered a developed country as part of the agreement, which gives it more responsibility, as Turkey has historically been responsible for a much smaller share of carbon emissions. is responsible for.
Announcing that Turkey would ratify the agreement at the United Nations General Assembly last month, President Tayyip Erdogan said countries with “historic responsibility” for climate change should make the most.
“The one who has done the most damage to nature, our air, our water, our soil, the earth; Whoever exploits natural resources ruthlessly needs to make the biggest contribution to the fight against climate change.
On Wednesday, 353 members of Turkey’s parliament unanimously ratified the agreement.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) currently lists Turkey in the Annex I group, described as industrialized countries. A statement approved by parliament said Turkey was ratifying the deal as a developing country and would implement it until it did. “harm your right to economic and social development.”
Turkey has also sent a proposal to the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn, Germany to remove its name from the Annex I list.
The proposal is on the provisional agenda of the COP26 Climate Change Conference to be held in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November.
If Turkey is removed from the Annex I list of countries, it will be able to benefit from the investment, insurance and technology transfer that can be provided as part of the agreement.
fire and flood
Speaking in parliament, Jail Noor Sulu, MP from the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), said it was unclear what would be the result of ratifying the agreement as a developing country without approving the status change at the climate conference.
The Paris Agreement aims to limit the global average temperature rise to “well below” 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and “strive” to limit it to 1.5 °C.
The previously recorded 1.1°C of warming is enough to set off devastating weather, including recent fires in Turkey, Greece and the United States.
Eight people have died and tens of thousands of hectares of forest in the southwest this summer in some of the deadliest wildfires in Turkey’s history.
The flood after the fire killed at least 77 people in the north.
Sera Kadigil Sutlu, a member of Turkey’s Workers’ Party, questioned whether the government would abandon industrial projects that are harmful to the environment after the agreement is ratified.
For example, would you ban metal mining in the Black Sea (region)? Would you back down from ridiculous projects like Kanal Istanbul?… I know you won’t,” she said.