International

UK, US, Australia launch new tripartite Indo-Pacific alliance amid growing threat from China

By PTI

LONDON/WASHINGTON: The US, UK and Australia have announced a new trilateral security alliance for the Indo-Pacific to protect their common interests and help Australia acquire nuclear-powered submarines amid growing Chinese influence. Allowed for greater sharing of defense capabilities, including helping. strategically important area.

The new alliance AUKUS, dubbed as “Landmark”, was launched virtually on Wednesday with a joint televised address.

Under the AUKUS alliance, the three nations have agreed to enhance the development of joint capabilities and technology sharing, promote deeper integration of science, technology, industrial bases and supply chains related to security and defence.

As part of AUKUS’s first major initiative, Australia will build a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines with the help of the US and UK, aimed at promoting stability in the Indo-Pacific region.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said, “The UK, Australia and the US are natural allies that, while we may be geographically separated, share our interests and values.” Virtual address before the issue of joint statement.

“The AUKUS alliance will bring us closer than ever, building a new defense partnership and boosting jobs and prosperity. This partnership will help protect our interests in the Indo-Pacific region and, by extension, bring our people back home. will become important to him,” she said.

Johnson said the new partnership aims to work together and maintain security and stability in the Indo-Pacific.

“We are opening a new chapter in our friendship. And the first task of this partnership will be to help Australia acquire a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines.”

“It is, of course, to emphasize that the submarines in question will be powered by nuclear reactors not equipped with nuclear weapons. And our work will be fully consistent with our non-proliferation obligations,” he said.

The three leaders stressed that the submarines would be nuclear powered and that efforts were on to ensure peace in the Indo-Pacific region.

“AUKUS will enhance our contribution to our growing network of partnerships in the Indo-Pacific region.”

Australian Prime Minister Morrison said, “Our ASEAN friends, our bilateral strategic partners, the Quad, the Five Eyes countries and of course our beloved Pacific family. AUKUS’s first major initiative will be to deliver a nuclear-powered submarine fleet to Australia.” .

He said that over the next 18 months, the three countries would work together to work out the best path to achieve this.

He said, “This will include a thorough investigation into what we need to do to discharge our nuclear management responsibilities here in Australia. We are working on these submarines in Adelaide, Australia, in close cooperation with the United Kingdom and the United States.” intend to build.”

Morrison insisted that Australia was not seeking to acquire a nuclear weapon or establish a civilian nuclear capability, adding that the US would continue to meet all of its non-proliferation obligations.

Speaking from the East Room of the White House, US President Biden said the three countries will update and enhance their shared capacity to face the threats of the 21st century, as they did together in the 20th century.

“Our nation and our valiant fighting forces have literally stood shoulder to shoulder for over 100 years, through trench fighting in World War I, island hopping in World War II during the chilly winter in Korea, and the scorching Persian Summer Bay,” he said.

“The United States, Australia, the United Kingdom have long been loyal and able partners and we remain close today. Today, we take another historic step to deepen and formalize cooperation between our three countries as we All recognize the imperative to ensure long-term peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific,” he said.

Biden said AUKUS will bring together sailors, scientists and industries to maintain and expand its edge and military capabilities and critical technologies such as cyber, artificial intelligence, quantum technologies and undersea domains.

“Now, as a major project, under AUKUS, we are beginning consultations with Australia’s acquisition of conventionally armed, nuclear-powered submarines for its navy,” he said.

“Traditionally armed. I want to be very clear about that. We’re not talking about nuclear-armed submarines. These are conventionally armed submarines that are powered by nuclear reactors. This technology is proven, this safe, and the United States and Britain have been operating nuclear-powered submarines for decades,” Biden said.

Downing Street said the agreement reflects the unique level of trust and cooperation between our three countries, who already share extensive intelligence through the Five Eyes alliance.

“Acknowledging our deep defense relationship built over decades, today we also begin further trilateral cooperation under AUKUS to enhance our joint capabilities and interoperability. These initial efforts are based on cyber capabilities, artificial intelligence, quantum technologies and additional waters. Will focus on the below capabilities.” Reads the joint statement issued by the leaders.

“Through the Ocus, our governments will strengthen the ability of each to support our security and defense interests, building on our long-standing bilateral relationship.”

“We will promote deeper information and technology sharing. We will promote deeper integration of science, technology, industrial bases and supply chains related to security and defence. And in particular, we will significantly enhance cooperation on a range of security and defense capabilities. Will deepen,” it adds.

The leaders said their new effort is aimed at helping maintain peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.

The initial phase of the new alliance is expected to take 18 months.

The UK said that since it has built and operated world-class nuclear-powered submarines for more than 60 years, it will bring “deep expertise and experience” to the first project under AUKUS.

The UK and US, already key members of the NATO defense alliance, said the actions taken by AUKUS would support shared goals in new areas, promote stability and “protect our people from new and emerging threats”.

“As determined in the Integrated Review, the Indo-Pacific is at the center of intense geopolitical competition with potential flashpoints including unresolved territorial disputes; nuclear proliferation and miscalculation; climate change and terrorism and serious organized crime from non-state It is on the front lines of new security challenges, including cyberspace,” Downing Street said.

Highlighting this growing Indo-Pacific tilt, the UK government pointed to the deployment of the HMS Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier with US personnel and equipment to the region.

Last month, the Carrier Strike Group conducted a series of exercises with countries including India and Australia to build “interoperability with like-minded partners”.

The AUKUS announcement comes a week before the Quad leaders’ meeting to be hosted by US President Biden in Washington on 24 September.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Prime Minister Morrison of Australia and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga will also attend the meeting.

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said on Monday that the four leaders will discuss advancing practical cooperation in areas such as promoting a free and open Indo-Pacific, tackling the climate crisis and deepening their ties and tackling COVID-19. will do. The Pacific region has become a major topic of discussion among major global powers in the wake of China’s growing military might.

The US has been in favor of making the Quad a security framework to counter China’s growing assertiveness.

In November 2017, India, Japan, the US and Australia gave shape to the long-pending proposal to establish a Quad to develop a new strategy to keep important sea routes in the Indo-Pacific free of any influence.

Beijing claims approximately 1.3 million square miles of the South China Sea as its sovereign territory.

China is building military bases on artificial islands in a region that Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam also claim.

China has built and militarized many of the islands and reefs it controls in the region.

Both the maritime regions in the South and East China Seas are reported to be rich in minerals, oil and other natural resources and are also important for global trade.

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